Similar mainstream examples include "host", as in "host a party", and "chair", as in "chair the meeting". For example, the word swooshtika 'Nike swoosh as a logo symbolizing corporate power and hegemony' was formed from swoosh and swastika.
Some examples of now-conventionalized words that were novel creations include blimp, googol the mathematical termbling, and possibly slang, which emerged in the last years with no obvious etymology. United States UN or U. Another example is Hashbury as a blend of Haight and Ashbury.
Many folk etymologies are cases of reanalysis in which the word is not only reanalysis but it changes under the influence of the new understanding of its morphemes.
One morpheme follows the next and each one has identifiable boundaries. Many folk etymologies are cases of reanalysis in which the word is not only reanalysis but it changes under the influence of the new understanding of its morphemes.
These tools are helping thousands Word formation teacher all over. Creative respelling Sometimes words are formed by simply changing the spelling of a word that the speaker wants to relate to the new word. Rifled means having a spiral groove causing the bullet to spin, and thus making it more accurate.
Affixation Subtype of Derivation The most common type of derivation is Word formation addition of one or more affixes to a root, as in the word derivation itself. Other examples include glitterati blending glitter and literati 'Hollywood social set', mockumentary mock and documentary 'spoof documentary'.
Interestingly galumph has survived as a word in English, but it now seems to mean 'walk in a stomping, ungainly way'. There is some evidence that lidar was not coined as an acronym, but instead as a blend of light and radar. For instance, take the two words "fuming" and "furious.
Others, such as stagflation stagnation and inflationspork spoon and forkand carjacking car and hijacking arose since the s. In both examples, the last part of the first word is the first part of the second word, and at least one phoneme overlaps between the two.
Analogy Sometimes speakers take an existing word as a model and form other words using some of its morphemes as a fixed part, and changing one of them to something new, with an analogically similar meaning.
Many of these have since disappeared from the English language, so that we now only have the limited set of inflectional options left that we noted in our discussion of word classes and their morphology. The result is that speakers think it has a different origin than it does.
An example of this is the word slithya blend of lithe and slimy. ROFL - rolling on the floor laughing ROFLMAO - rolling on the floor laughing my ass off Reanalysis Sometimes speakers unconsciously change the morphological boundaries of a word, creating a new morph or making an old one unrecognizable.
As a result, the end of one word and the beginning of the second word will overlap and therefore facilitate the blend. The result is that speakers think it has a different origin than it does. Some blends that have been around for quite a while include brunch breakfast and lunchmotel motor hotelelectrocute electric and executesmog smoke and fog and cheeseburger cheese and hamburger.
Getting Away from Ghetto Dictionary. It is especially creative in that speakers take two words and merge them based not on morpheme structure but on sound structure. These ebook packs are loaded with materials of the highest quality, designed to save you great amounts of lesson planning time and teaching energy.
Some novel creations seem to display 'sound symbolism', in which a word's phonological form suggests its meaning in some way. For example, foodoholic is a blend of food and alcoholic, in which the word food is retained entirely in the blended word, and only alcoholic is clipped for the blend.
Acronyms provide a way of turning a phrase into a word.Providing an accessible introduction to the study of word-formation, this text focuses specifically on English. Assuming no prior linguistic knowledge, Ingo Plag explains the fundamentals of word-formation, demonstrating how morphemes--the elements of a word's internal structure--can function to relate words to other words, and to create new words.
Nouns and the Formation of Plurals. Free Online English grammar and exercies. This English language website covers English verb tenses, irregular verbs, adjectives, nouns, pronouns, adverbs, phrasal verbs, prepositions, determiners and much more.
For each question, fill the space in the sentence using the base word given in bold at the end. The required word may be a noun, adverb, adjective or verb and it may be either positive (e.g. helpful) or negative (e.g.
Word Formation. Use the words given in CAPITALS to form a word that fits into the gap. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced. Word Formation - Worksheets.
All downloads are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Thanks for your gap fill- word formation 1 and 2. Could you arrange to design for more different kind of those word formations. I am really into this type of exercises.